Asphalt Shingle Designs HomeCentrl

Posted on August 6, 2013

Article Written By: Laurel

Types of Asphalt Shingles

There are three different categories of asphalt shingles. These three categories are three tab, architectural, and designer. These different types of shingles all have some similarities and differences. In this article, we will discuss the different aspects of all these shingles. This article is intended to help you learn more about the three different types of asphalt shingles so when it comes time to decide on a material for your shingle roof you will be well informed.

Three Tab Shingles


These are the most commonly used shingles for many homes and neighborhoods. Three tab shingles are most popular for a few reasons. When choosing a type of shingle for their home, many people choose three tab shingles because they are the most economical. Three tab shingles are cheaper because they are lighter than architectural shingles- they have no layered aspects to them, which makes them cheaper to make.


Three tab shingles are not as durable as designer or architectural shingles. These shingles have one single layer. They are not as thick as architectural shingles, so they are less resistant to hail and rain. These shingles do the job well though, and their performance usually requires little to no maintenance.

Wind resistant

Most three tab shingle roofs are guaranteed to withstand wind speeds from 60-70mph. Some places in the United States face winds up to 90 mph. Homes with three tab shingle roofs in these areas need to be sure that their shingles are double nailed. Double nailing three tab shingles can help them stay secure when the pressure comes from high windspeeds.


Three tab shingles have a simple look to them. These roof patterns are simple staggered rectangles. Though the design is plain and simple, these roofs maintain a look of neatness and professionalism.

Architectural Shingles

Moderately Expensive

Other names for these shingles include laminated or dimensional shingles. Architectural shingles are a bit more expensive than the more common three tab shingles. These shingles are more expensive because instead of being a single flat sheet, they have layered parts that make them more dimensional. They have a heavy fiberglass bottom layer that makes them more sturdy and therefore more expensive.

Dimensional Design

The flat fiberglass bottom layer is the base of the shingle. The shingle has water resistant asphalt and is covered with granules. The shades of these granules and the layers are what make the roof look like it has a three dimensional design. Architectural shingle roofs are beautiful in that they provide a complex design with geometric shapes. Some neighborhoods and homeowners associations have architectural requirements that require all homes to have these shingle roofs. This is because they are more aesthetically pleasing shingles and add value to the home.

More Durable

Architectural Shingles are more durable than three tab shingles because they are much heavier and thicker. These thicker, more dense shingles can withstand hail, rain, and high winds better than any other type of shingle. They also last the longest. Most architectural shingles have a 30 year manufacturers warranty. This means that if something wrong happens with the roof that can be traced to a defect of the material within the 30 year time period, refunds will be given from the manufacturer.

More Wind Resistant

The durability of architectural shingles allows them to withstand higher wind speeds than three tab shingles. Most architectural shingle roofs can withstand wind speeds up to 120 mph. With proper installation and extra support, these roofs can endure even higher speeds.

Designer Shingles

Most Expensive

Designer shingles are the most expensive of the three different categories. This is because the different designs are so intricate. Manufacturing these shingles is a more complicated process than the plain three tab shingles, and the designs are often more complex than architectural shingles.

Aesthetically Pleasing

Designer Shingles are mainly chosen for roofs because they add a beautiful design to the home or structure. There are many different styles of designer shingles to choose from. These shingles can have scalloped edges, or any other geometrical shape. Some are layered like the architectural shingles and others have cut out designs in the shingle.


Designer shingles have about the same durability as architectural shingles. Like architectural shingles, they are quite thick. This helps increase durability when it comes to wind resistance and hail damage. Some designer roofs also are highly reflective which can create a cool roof which helps keep the home cool in the summer.

Now you know about the different aspects of the three types of asphalt shingles. When it comes time for you to decide on a type of asphalt shingle for your roof, you will be well informed on the types you have to choose from and which one would suit you best!

About Laurel

Laurel represents, a website dedicated to all things roofing. She has experience with roofing and loves to share her knowledge about shingle roofs with her audience.

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