Dome (Architecture) — Definition — Online Encyclopedia

Dome (Architecture) - Definition - Online Encyclopedia

Sacred Buildings: 7th Century Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, Israel

By Jackie Craven.

Semi-. half .A common feature of the apse at the end of Ancient Roman secular basilica s, Semi-domes are a common feature of apses in Ancient Roman and traditional church architecture. and mosques and iwans in Islamic architecture .

onion dome — a dome that is shaped like a bulb; characteristic of Russian and Byzantine church architecture

dome — a hemispherical roof.

Geodesic frame s can be clad in a variety of materials from asphalt to cedar shingle s on smaller buildings, to metal or plastic sheets on large exhibit or recreational facilities.

Dome A vault erected on a circular base, usually as a hemispherical roof or ceiling. When the dome is erected on a square or rectangular base, resulting in its curved surfaces joining in an apex or ridge. it is called a domical vault .

A vault ed structure with an elliptical plan, usually a cross-section of a sphere, used to distribute an equal thrust in all directions.

Examples.

Dome — a convex covering over a circular, square, or polygonal space. Domes may be hemispherical, semi-elliptical. pointed or onion-shaped.

A vault of even curvature most usually erected on a circular base. The section can be segmental (eg saucer shaped ) Semi circular, pointed or bulbous (Onion ).

DOME Often a hemispherical covering rising from a roof; may be surmounted by a cupola and may be raised over a circular or polygonal drum. This drum is frequently pierced by openings or windows.

-on-drum construction — The Roman s used this method to construct their domes. The section was placed on top of a round drum (like a low cut cylinder) section which often was placed over a square or rectangular section.

Dome

A curved vault that is erected on a circular base and that is semicircular, pointed, or bulbous in section.

(Cupola ). Curved or spherical vault (may also be semi-circular with an oval section) mainly found in religious buildings.

Dome

a vault ed (frequently hemispherical) roof or ceiling. erected on a circular base, which may be envisaged as the result of rotating an arch through 180 degrees about a central axis.

. A roof formed by a series of arches. roughly forming a semicircle.

Any roof structure that is curved and spans an ultimately circular base. Squinch es and pendentive s are used to provide a circular base on a square or rectilinear tower. See also cupola .

Dome — A roof or ceiling of hemispherical shape.

A vault ed roof of circular or polygonal shape.

Order The first and simplest of the three Greek orders and the only one that norma lly has no base.

The dome permitted construction of vault ed ceiling s and provided large covered public spaces such as the public baths and basilica s.

Semi- — a half-. in an apse or elsewhere.

Site Plan — a specific type of plan view drawing, showing the whole context of a building or group of buildings, with boundaries, nearby structures, roads, parking lots, footpaths, hard landscaping.

A small dome. or hexagonal or octagon al tower. located at the top of a building. A cupola is sometimes topped with a lantern. A belvedere is a square-shaped cupola .

Curlicue

A spiral or looping line.

Cupola. a -shaped ornament al structure located on top of a larger roof or often used as a lookout or to admit light and remove stale air. In some cases, the entire main roof of a tower can form a single cupola .

Cupola A dome or lantern shaped feature built on top of a roof.

Dado The bottom one metre or so of wall clad with timber. originally designed to provide protection to the wall.

cupola A small on a base crown ing a roof.

dentil A small, square, toothlike block in a series beneath a cornice .

CUPOLA — A dome. usually small, topping a roof or turret. There is a copper one on top of the central building of the House s of Rest for Miners, Hucknall.

onion-shaped. used in Russian and Islamic architecture and derived from the domes of Byzantine basilica s. As well as being aesthetically pleasing it throws off snow more easily than a conventional .

Sail domeA square dome or vault of one continuous curve with the same diameter as the diagonal of the square, so that it rises from pendentive s between arches. So named from its supposed resemblance to a billowing sail.

Structure of the of Florence cathedral .

Photos illustrate quotes from Vasari’s biography of Brunelleschi.

License.

* Lantern or Louvre — Small structure with open or windowed sides on top of a roof or to let light or air into the enclosed space below.

* Lattice — Laths or lines crossing to form a network.

* Lias — Greyish rock which splits easily into slabs.

Pendentive s — Horizontal triangular constructions at the top of a square or rectangular building that allow a dome to be set centrally above.

Penthouse — A shed or lean to projecting from or adjoining the main building.

The church of St Sophia at Istanbul, built by Justinian (reigned 527-565), offers the most typical specimen of the style, of which the fundamental principle was an application of the Roman arch. the being the most striking feature of the.

Exterior view of Chateau and front gardens from dome

Exterior view of front steps

Exterior view of gardens from dome

Exterior view of gardens

Interior view of banqueting hall

Interior view of bath antechamber

Interior view of billiard room.


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