Types of Roofs in Phoenix — Mulcock Roofing

Types of Roofs in Phoenix - Mulcock Roofing

When choosing a new roof system for your home, you will need to make several choices. The first thing most customers think about is cost and durability. Once a roof budget has been considered, customers often choose the best aesthetics and architectural style of roofs in their price range. The best roof for your home should meet both your budget needs, and be ascetically pleasing to look at. Below you will find common roofing products used for steep-slope structures. We recommend that you review this with your Phoenix Roofer to make sure you get the right roof for your home.

Asphalt Shingles

This type of shingle is the most popular in the U.S. It possesses the majority of the U.S. roofing market because it can be reinforced with fiberglass or organic materials. There are two main groups of asphalt shingles, organic and fiberglass.

Organic Shingles

Organic shingles are made of cellulose-fiber, such as wood. The base of these shingles is covered with asphalt and then colored with mineral granules.

Fiberglass Shingles

These multilayer shingles are made of a fiberglass-mat with layers of asphalt, on the top and bottom, and mineral granules.

Shingle Fire Resistant Classes

Although these shingles, and shingles listed below, have several of the same characteristics, not every shingle is made the same way. Each shingle type is categorized according to its fire resistance. Class A shingles offer the best fire resistance. However, Class B and Class C shingles offer less fire resistance than Class A shingles. Asphalt shingles are almost always in the Class A category. Organic shingles are generally in the Class C category.

Organic & Fiberglass Shingle

The way a shingle is reinforced has little impact on its overall appearance. If you are looking for an architectural grade shingle that has a textured appearance, organic and fiberglass shingles will probably be your best bet. If you live in a warm, humid area in the U.S. where algae commonly attacks roofs, organic and fiberglass shingles can help. Copper, or zinc-coated, ceramic granules can be added to these shingles to deter algae growth. Organic and fiberglass shingles are also a popular choice in the U.S. because they are available in many different colors.

Choosing the Best Shingles for Your Roof

In Phoenix the best way to choose shingles for your roof is to make sure you are choosing quality shingles. Whether the shingles you are considering are quality shingles is easy to determine. Whenever you purchase shingles, make sure to choose a product that complies with the American Society for Testing and Materials, also known as ASTM. This organization determines whether the shingles composition you are considering is roof worthy. This information is usually found in the shingles product literature, and on the package of shingles itself. It is important to determine this for yourself because not all shingles on the market follow these guidelines.

Wood Shingles

The most common wood shingles are made out of southern pine, redwood, and cedar. Although these three woods are the most popular wood shingle choices, it is possible to find other types of wood shingles also. In California, parts of the Midwest, and the Northwest, wood shingles are extremely popular, but there are several homes in the Phoenix area that have wood shake singles. The only way to make wood shingles is to have them machine sawn, so they can be harder to find, and more expensive, than other types of shingles.

Before deciding to roof with wood shingles, it is very important to check out all local building codes regarding their use. Due to the concern of fire, this type of shingle is a Class C. Some building codes limit or prohibit the use of this type of shingle. If you really want wood shingles, but local building codes do not allow them, you should inquire whether the particular shingles you would like are available with a fire-resistant coating.

Clay and Concrete Tile Shingles

Most often seen on the tops of Mission or Spanish-style houses in Phoenix and other areas of the Southwest, this type of shingle is extremely durable. The most important thing to consider when applying a tile roof is the weight of the actual shingles. Tile shingles are very heavy. If you are replacing a roof of a different material with tile shingles, you must make sure that the structure can support the weight of the new roof. Otherwise, you risk the roof caving in due to the amazing weight of the tile roof.

Slate Shingles

The majority of these shingles are quarried in Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York and Vermont. Due to this, homes with this type of roof are mostly found in the Northeast. These shingles are available in a variety of colors and grades. The grade and color choices greatly depend on the origin of the slate. This type of shingle is considered indestructible. However, it is much more expensive than other types of materials. Slate shingles are also difficult to install. For this reason, it is necessary to find roofers who specialize in slate shingle application, if you are considering this type of shingle.

Metal Panels and Shingles

Although some consider metal panels, or metal shingles, a low-slope roofing material, it is actually a great alternative for homeowners with steep-slope roofs. Metal shingles and panels are generally designed to appear like traditional roof coverings. Some, but not all, of these types of shingles carry Class A fire ratings. The lightweight material is also great for areas with adverse weather conditions.

Synthetic Roofing Shingles

When you are making a roofing material choice, make sure to know exactly what you are buying. Many synthetic roofing products on the market are made to look like traditional roofing materials. So, if you choose a slate or wood shingle, check to make sure that it is authentic slate or wood, and not actually synthetic. This is an important distinction to make because synthetic roofing materials do not have the same characteristics as traditional roofing materials.

Types of Roofs in Phoenix - Mulcock Roofing

Before Making a Purchase

When you feel you are ready to purchase roofing materials, the NRCA recommends customers get a full-size sample of the shingle they are considering. In addition to the sample, customers should also pick up any brochures the manufacturer offers. You could also inquire whether there are any buildings in the area that have the type of roof you are considering. Completing all these steps will help you visualize what your completed roof will look like.

Ventilation Considerations

When you are choosing which roof you would like for your home, it is also important to think about roof system ventilation. Failure to consider ventilation issues with your new roof can cause heat and moisture to build up and ruin your roof.

An easy way to avoid this type of situation is to make sure that you do not block louvers, soffit vents, ridge vents, or other sources of ventilation. Instead make sure to have proper attic ventilation to avoid structural damage. Doing this will help your roof last longer, reduce energy bills and make your home more comfortable.

Insulation Considerations

When you are considering the ventilation in your home, you will also want to consider the insulation in your home. For best results, the attic below your roof should:

-Not have any gaps between the insulation and the attic floor.

-There should also be vapor retarder under the insulation to stop moisture from getting into the attic.

-Sufficient open, vented spaces in the attic to allow air to freely pass in and out.

-A minimum of 1 inch between the insulation and roof sheathing.

This list is just a ventilation and insulation guideline. Depending on where you live in the Phoenix Area, there may be fewer or additional requirements that you should consider. If you have questions about the best type of roof for you, please contact us. we love to help!

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